This project aims to make climate change adaptation policy recommendation that is science based and spatial characteristics specific through an assessment of climate change vulnerability of “herder-livestock-pasture” system and a policy analysis in Mongolia and China on local level. More specifically, we will assess the ecological, social and economic vulnerability of the population to climate change in Khovd province of Mongolia and Ulaanqab prefecture of China’s Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region by determining and analyzing the relationship between key variables and indicators of climate change vulnerability (CCV) and calculating integrated vulnerability index. Secondly, local level climate change adaptation (CCA) related policy documents will be analyzed using “Adaptation criteria”. These criteria will be defined based on the official criteria from NDC Action Plan and the characteristics of the local vulnerabilities. Finally, synthesis analysis will be conducted with the results from CCV and CCA to produce adaptation policy recommendation for local governments.