This paper reviews climate change adaptation in water and agricultural sectors in the Philippines. It discusses the current and potential impacts of climate change, particularly the associated climate variability and climate extremes, and presents the adaptation strategies practiced by the local stakeholders. Most adaptation practices for the water and agriculture sectors were found to be reactive in nature. Efforts toward more proactive, systematized, and well-planned adaptation are recommended to be prioritized over the existing, shortspan adaptation strategies. The need for long-term sustainability and wide-scale adaptation approaches were emphasized. Local government units and communities should also be strengthened to be prepared to take on the challenge of climate change.