Temperate East Asia is strongly affected by climate-related disasters such as droughts and floods, and the effects vary by country and ecosystem type. Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) has been implemented in a wide range of approaches to adapt to climate change, but its effectiveness needs to be more clearly tested in a social-ecological context. Ecosystem restoration (ER), the process of helping to restore degraded ecosystems, has been a human intervention to maintain ecosystem services. Many local ER projects have been implemented, particularly in East Asia, but their socioeconomic effects have not been fully quantified due to the lack of scientific evaluation based on locally validated indicator systems. This project will examine the impact of ER on rural livelihoods and ways to reduce vulnerability to climate change risks and climate-induced disasters, by increasing rural resilience in temperate East Asia. It will synthesize indicator systems from case studies of region-specific ecosystems, characterize ER in relation to exogenous and endogenous factors, and derive best practices. This comprehensive examination of ER characteristics will link local policies to international best practices. Furthermore, the evaluation framework developed in this project will contribute to better implementation of the ER process as an EbA strategy.