As a result of urbanization and climate change, urban areas are increasingly vulnerable to flooding, which can have devastating effects on the loss of life and property. Remote sensing technology can provide practical help for urban flood disaster management. This research presents a review of urban flood-related remote sensing to identify research trends and gaps, and reveal new research opportunities. Based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), the systematic literature search resulted in 347 documents classified as geography, disaster management application, and remote sensing data utilization. The main results include 1. most of the studies are located in high-income countries and territories and inland areas; 2. remote sensing for observing the environment was more popular than observing the building; 3. the most often applied disaster management activities were vulnerability assessment and risk modeling (mitigation) and rapid damage assessment (response); 4. DEM is often applied to simulate urban floods as software inputs. We suggest that future research directions include 1. coastal urban study areas in non-high-income countries/territories to help vulnerable populations; 2. understudied disaster management activities, which often need to observe the buildings in more urban areas; 3. data standardization will facilitate integration with international standard methods for assessing urban floods.