The effects of climate change and active usage of natural resources are the most significant source of ecological vulnerability at agriculture and mining based developing countries in north and central Asia. The main objective of this cooperative research project is to develop an integrated vulnerability assessment model merging scientific data with community knowledge to frame the research based effective adaptation strategies and capacity for the local authorities at different spatial scales in Mongolia and China. The project will be implemented at three vulnerable provinces in two countries, covering various geo-climatic and ecological zones. The project will use advanced GIS, remote sensing, expert systems and local experiences to determine the degree and extent of ecological vulnerability as influenced by climate change and human activity. This approach will assist policymakers, development practitioners and other stakeholders to strengthen their resilience to climate change. A collaborator from regional universities will bring key adaptation technologies and practices to build the capacity of relevant stakeholders, and to integrate the vulnerability perspective into existing resilience thinking, practice and policies. The project will produce a scientific publication on the assessment of ecological vulnerability and adaptation policy formulation, and will host two capacity training workshops in Mongolia and China.