This project was undertaken in the rural agrarian villages dependent on the forest resources of Bangladesh, Nepal, Thailand and Viet Nam, with a view to understanding and documenting the trend of climate change as well as the adaptation measures to cope with the adverse situations that might arise in the near future. The study was accomplished through intensive survey of households in each country and analyses of long-term (nearly 30 years) meteorological database. The results exhibited that resources, particularly natural resources and agriculture has been either reduced or experienced pattern changes. Increasing trends of climate change along with anthropogenic activities are the main reasons for the decreasing natural resources and livelihood options of the communities. The results of the analysis of long term climatic database particularly the changing trend of temperature and rainfall has been strongly supported by perceptions/opinions of the community people.
n the face of challenges of climate change and livelihoods, communities have strongly suggested to undertake some new adaptation measures such as construction of water reservoirs, strengthening aforestation programmes through community approaches, development of strong institutional mechanism, introduction of pest- and disease-resistant varieties, supply of high-quality planting materials, etc., for conservation of resources and their better livelihoods, which need strong public and private support.