The smallholder upland farmers in Isabela, Philippines are one of the most vulnerable sectors to external shocks such as pandemic, climate change and natural calamities particularly typhoon. As external shocks are inevitable, there is need to build the resilience of agricultural sector specially in developing nations such as the Philippines particularly the vulnerable farmers in the uplands farming communities in the country through redesigning of their agricultural production systems that are based on the sustainable use of natural resources such as agroforestry system.
In the Philippines, there are various types agroforestry system that exist. The type of agroforestry system adopted by the farmers depend generally on the primary intentions of the farmers, capability of the land and the farmers, and institutional influences as well. Corn-based agroforestry system is one variant where corn serve as the dominant crop component of an agroforestry system. Primarily, the corn crop serve as the cash crop of the farmer while the perennial component provide economic as well as ecological services. In order for the corn-based agroforestry system to realized its full potential, soil fertility in the said system must be maintained and enhanced. Moreover, pests and diseases of the components within the system must be managed in an integrated approach. Hence, this training on integrtaed soil fertility and pest management will be conducted.
This module is designed to enhance the knowledge of the upland smallholder farmers on integrated soil fertility and pest management in corn-based agroforestry system. This module will highlight the basic concepts and principles of soil fertility and pest management, approaches to integrated soil fertility and pest management and coconut pest management in corn-based agroforestry system.