Developing economies such as Pakistan, face multifaceted issues including: ever growing population, over-dependency on the agriculture sector, constrained financial resources with insufficient adaptation capacity and growing environmental challenges. Pakistan as an agrarian economy is acutely sensitive and vulnerable to climate change impacts. The country is 6th most populated, relatively large chunk of population is poor, with limited livelihood options. Being an agrarian economy, 25 million of the economically active men and women are depended on the agriculture especially in the rural communities. The adversities of changing climate are evident in form of frequent droughts, growing water scarcity, reduced crop yields, land degradation and livestock numbers that are risking livelihoods. Therefore, alternative livelihood options and adaptation methods are needed for that the concept of climate smart agriculture has been introduced.