The literature on the impacts of climate change on the Northwest mountainous region of Vietnam was assessed in this article. Additionally, the project team conducted regional interviews and visits to gather information on the same topic. The findings indicate that climate change has had a significantly negative impact on the region’s agriculture, the primary income source for the local population. Furthermore, the local communities have a limited understanding of the subject matter. However, the existing agroforestry system in the region may prove to be an effective measure for adapting to the impacts of climate change. In addition to increasing local awareness and understanding of climate change, further efforts are necessary to improve the agroforestry system in the region. These efforts should consider the region’s diverse population and terrain characteristics.