There has been a long-standing debate on whether permanent migration from at-risk places should be considered as an adaptation strategy in its own right or as a last-resort response to failed in-situ adaptation. What this debate has ignored to date is the potential of short-distance movement (micro-mobilities) and short-duration movement (circular migration) to enhance adaptative capacity and resilience of households and individuals, enabling them to remain in place despite facing increasingly severe climatic risks. Micro-mobilities can include such strategies as moving livestock to higher ground during a flood and establishing multi-local households to diversify climatic risks. Circular migration may include short-term labour migration (usually < 1 year), either internally or cross-border, in response to climate-related hazards, whereby returning migrants can restore their livelihoods and/or rebuild their homes or businesses with the knowledge, skills and capital gained during their short-duration stay elsewhere. Our project will examine (1) who is able to engage in such strategies and what are the resilience outcomes, (2) who is excluded and left behind, potentially in a more vulnerable condition (e.g., due to disability, gender roles or other cultural norms) and (3) how does the mobility of one group or individual affect the im/mobility of other groups or individuals. Study findings will inform Pacific policy makers in the field of climate migration and planned relocation.