Wetlands have been described as the kidneys of the landscape, because of the functions they perform in the hydrological and chemical cycles, and as biological supermarkets, because of the extensive food webs and rich biodiversity they support. Globally, a lot of researches have been done to study ecosystem service potential of wetlands viz., provisioning, regulating, cultural and supporting services. However, our review in the Indian context revealed that studies on wetland ecosystem services are limited to provisioning and cultural aspects. Very scanty information is available on supporting and regulating services. We therefore suggest that there should be detail ecological studies on different aspects of wetland ecosystem structures and functions, and attempts should be made to link wetland ecology with human welfare and economy of the region. Through such studies, the ecosystem people and management authorities would be able to appreciate the link between healthy ecosystem and human well-being. This would motivate the involvement of the local masses in safeguarding and managing the wetland resources in a sustainable manner. Such studies would also help the policy makers in designing diverse management strategies for the wetlands.