Vegetation degradation, especially in degraded lands, is of serious consequence to the environments of the Asia-Pacific region and their inhabitants. It is caused by a combination of inappropriate use of land due to rapid population increase, water deficiency, and unstable global climate change. Vegetation rehabilitation and promotion of sustainable land use practices are amongst the most important, practical, on-ground initiatives we can develop to maintain urban and rural communities. This APN project has an important capacity building role in the region, and thus in collaboration with Hyogo Prefectural Government and the State Government of Western Australia, organized and supported the 2001 Workshop, hosted by the Centre for the Management for Arid Environments, in Kalgoorlie, Western Australia. The following year (2002/2003) APN sponsored another vegetation recovery in degraded land areas workshop to develop project proposals of high quality by polishing the preliminary project proposals derived from the 2001 Workshop.