The proposed activity involves developing a methods toolbox for local-level assessment of loss and damage from climate-related stressors, including sudden-onset events and slow-onset processes. Conceptually and methodologically, the proposed work on loss and damage combines CCA and DRR perspectives, as it will look at adaptation to slow-onset climatic changes (including adaptation limits and constraints), as well as the risk-management strategies that people adopt to prevent or minimize disaster losses. The methods toolbox will build on experiences from the first ever multi-country study on loss and damage (www.lossanddamage.net/empirical-research) from the perspective of affected people in least developed and other vulnerable countries, including three in Asia (Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal) and one in the Pacific (Federated States of Micronesia). The methodology for this first generation of case studies, which looked at economic as well as non-economic losses, was developed at UN University. Lessons have been learnt about strengths and weaknesses of the methods used. The proposed activity aims to use these experiences to design a methods toolbox that should become a prototype for future assessments of loss and damage by researchers and organizations across the world and particularly in the Asia-Pacific Region. As part of the proposed activities, the toolbox will be tested by national researchers in Pakistan, India and Nepal. This will contribute to capacity in the region to assess loss and damage in vulnerable communities, while at the same time, it will yield insightful research findings.