For better prediction of future climate at Asian dry land by using climate models, a community of Asian scientists, including young scientists, was build to inter-compare numerous land surface process models. These models are subprograms of climate models to reproduce water, energy and vegetation processes at landsurface, and in this project they are used independently, i.e. “off-line”, of climate models. Asian Dry land Model Intercomparison Project, ADMIP, is an international project driven by this community. The data needed to drive the models at the target sites were collected and archived: One of the finest data set in Asian dry land was constructed. Then, these data were used to drive a number of state-of-the-art numerical models of land surface processes. The outputs generated by these models were also archived, and they were subject to mutual comparison. This way of comparison is called model intercomparison, and shed a light into differences in reproducibility of land surface processes caused by different coding between the models. This gave an insight into current status of modeling skills of land surface processes at Asian dry land.