Sea level rise is a major impact of climate change, the main cause of which has been identified as increased greenhouse emissions (GHG) since Industrial Revolution. Sea level rise and various anthropogenic activities leading to saltwater intrusion have affected the low-lying agricultural areas of South Asia. In addressing climate change related issues, both mitigation of GHG emissions and adopting appropriate adaptation measures to minimize the impacts are necessary. In addressing the salinity issue, remedial measures adopted on salt-affected soils to reduce the salinity effect could enhance future climate change if they cause high levels of net GHG emissions. Therefore this study will select the best agricultural management practices for the salt affected soils in rice cropping systems of the South Asian region considering net GHG emissions and other socioeconomic benefits associated with the adopted measures. The outcome of this collaborative project will be used to raise awareness among farmers for adopting climate-friendly best management practices (BMPs) for salt-affected soils and make recommendations for policymakers in developing adaptation policies and strategies within the respective countries and the region as a whole.