Dr Jasinghe graduated as a medical doctor from Lvov State Medical Institute in the former Soviet Union and holds postgraduate qualifications MSc Community Medicine and MD Medical Administration from Postgraduate Institute of Medicine. In 2011, he obtained the degree Master of Public Administration (MPA) from Postgraduate Institute of Management, University of Sri Jayewardenepura.
He joined medical administration as the Medical Superintendent of the Provincial General Hospital, Badulla in 1996. Since, December 2017, Dr Anil Jasinghe held the post of the Director-General of Health Services in Sri Lanka till 13th August 2020.
Dr Jasinghe has been appointed as the Secretary of the Ministry of Environment since 14th August 2020.
He was the President of the College of the Medical Administrators of Sri Lanka in 2010. In 2011 he was conferred with the Fellowship (FCMA) by the College of Medical Administrators of Sri Lanka. He is the Chairman of the Board of Study in Medical Administration and a Member of the Board of Management of Postgraduate Institute of Medicine, University of Colombo.
Dr Jasinghe is the President of the Association of Sri Lankan Graduates from Socialist Countries (ASLGSC) from 2018 to date.
Dr Anil Jasinghe was elected as the Vice-Chair of the Executive Board of the World Health Organization in February 2020.
The remarkable leadership he provided in successful control and management of COVID-19 outbreak in Sri Lanka is well known in Sri Lanka and internationally.