The APN Science Bulletin is a peer-reviewed digital publication that features research and capacity building projects funded by APN. The Science Bulletin is intended for readers from both science and policymaking communities, as well as young scientists in the Asia-Pacific region who are keen on issues related to global environmental change, sustainable development and the science of sustainability.

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All opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of APN. While the information and advice in this publication are believed to be true and accurate at the date of publication, neither the editors nor APN accepts any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. APN and its member countries make no warranty, expressed or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.

Articles of APN Science Bulletin is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) licence.

Citation: Stevenson, L. A., (Ed.). (2019). APN Science Bulletin (9). Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research (APN).

ISSN 2522-7971 (Digital)

Managing Editor

  • Dr Linda Anne Stevenson, Head, Communication and Scientific Affairs, APN Secretariat

Editorial Advisory Committee

  • Edris Alam,  Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Bangladesh
  • Mukhtar Ahmed, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
  • Andrianus Amheka, Politeknik Negeri Kupang, Indonesia
  • Alka Bharat, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, India 
  • Saroj Kumar Chapagain, United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability, Japan
  • Kalpana Chaudhari, Institute for Sustainable Development and Research, India
  • Wynn Chi Nguyen Cam, RSP Architects Planners & Engineers, Singapore
  • Xuefeng Cui, Beijing Normal University, China 
  • Buenaventura Dargantes, Visayas State University, the Philippines
  • Samiran Das, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, China
  • Pedro Fidelman, The University of Queensland, Australia 
  • Mohan Geetha, United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability, Japan
  • Mohammad Rafiqul Islam, UNDP Bangladesh, Bangladesh
  • Azhan Hasan, Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Malaysia
  • Chris Jacobson, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia
  • Jaehok Jeong, Texas A&M University, USA
  • Joni Jupesta, Sinar Mas Agro Resource and Technology (SMART) Tbk, Indonesia 
  • Sudhakar K, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia
  • Rajendra Khanal, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
  • Golam Kibria, RMIT University, Australia
  • Madhav Koirala, United Technical College, Nepal
  • Poh Leong Loo, National University of Singapore, Singapore
  • Haseeb Md. Irfanullah, IUCN Bangladesh Country Office, Bangladesh 
  • Yadav Prasad Joshi, Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences, Nepal
  • Karen McNamara, The University of Queensland, Australia
  • Subramaniam Moten, The Malaysian Meteorological Department, Malaysia
  • Sher Muhammad, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Nepal
  • Andreas Neef, University of Auckland, New Zealand 
  • Himanshu Pathak, ICAR-National Rice Research Institute, India
  • Niken Prilandita, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia
  • SVRK Prabhakar, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Japan 
  • Saeed Qaisrani, COMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan 
  • Mahmudur Rahman, Bangladesh Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization, Bangladesh
  • Ittipol Pawarmart, Air Quality and Noise Management Bureau, Thailand
  • Kabir Rasouli, University of Calgary, Canada
  • Anarmaa Sharkhuu, National University of Mongolia, Mongolia
  • Wanyu Shih, Ming-Chuan University, Taiwan
  • Rajeev Kumar Singh, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Japan 
  • Dewayany Sutrisno, Indonesia Society for Remote Sensing, Indonesia
  • Tuan Anh Tran, Hue University, Viet Nam
  • Yuta Uchiyama,  Nagoya University, Japan
  • Xiaojun Wang, Ministry of Water Resources, China
  • Eberhard Weber, The University of the South Pacific, Fiji
  • Vositha Wijenayake, SLYCAN Trust, Sri Lanka 
  • Ying Zhang, The University of Sydney, Australia

Editorial Team

Xiaojun Deng, Christmas de Guzman, and Nafesa Ismail, APN Secretariat