Escalating Small Hydropower Development and Aquatic Biodiversity of Mountain Streams in Sri Lanka
|Project Summary||The project on "Escalating Small Hydropower Development and Aquatic Biodiversity of Mountain Streams in Sri Lanka" is to build up the awareness of different categories of stakeholders in small hydropower generation sector, namely, small hydropower developers, consultants to developers, environmental officers, and relevant policymakers levels on the importance of correct design and operation of environmentally sustainable small hydro power plants. It also anticipated convey the message regionally and globally. The critical impacts of poorly designed small hydro power plants are very diverse; primarily affect on aquatic biota in terms of population decline and eventual species extinction including endemics. In Sri Lanka, about 600 stream sites have been identified as potential sites and 128 plants have already been in operation. Preliminary studies showed that 1-2 km stream stretch had been affected at each small hydropower plant. And most cases, the developers do not maintain the ecological flow, which is a requirement. The negligence of the developers and poor understanding of the relevant authorities have led a devastating damage to mountain stream ecosystems in terms of aquatic biodiversity. Therefore, it is imperative to emphasize the issue to the relevant sectors while enhancing capacities of stakeholders of different levels to achieve the development goals in a sustainable manner.|
|Project Leader||Prof. E.I.L. Silva, |
Water Resources Science & Technology
|Countries Involved||Sri Lanka|
|Year of Completion||2017|
|Project Output||Silva, E.I.L. (2016). Small Hydropower and Hydrological Networks in Mountain Landscape in Sri Lanka. The Environment Monitor XVI (1-3), 17-26. |
Silva, E.I.L., Jayawardhana, R.A.S.N., Liyanage, N. P.P. and Silva, E.N.S. (2015). Effects of construction and operation of mini-hydropower plants on fish fauna endemic to Sri Lanka – A case study on Kelani River basin, Proceedings of the Water Professional Day 2015 (pp. 45-55).
Silva, E.I.L. and Silva, E.N.S. (2016). Handbook on Small Hydropower Development and Environment – A Case Study on Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka: Water Resources Science and Technology (WRST).
Cite this page
“Escalating Small Hydropower Development and Aquatic Biodiversity of Mountain Streams in Sri Lanka,” APN E-Lib, accessed April 25, 2017, http://www.apn-gcr.org/resources/items/show/2010.
Page created: 31 August 2015 Last modified: 14 March 2017