Integrated Sustainability Assessment of Bioenergy Potentials in Asia: An Application of a Hybrid Approach on Trade-offs and Pathway
|Project Summary||Policies promoting the use of renewable energy contribute to climate change mitigation. Among alternative sources of renewable energy, bioenergy has become the most challenged in policy debates due to its conflicting contributions to economic, social and ecological sustainability, for example, energy security versus food security, rural development versus people displacement, etc. The project aimed to thoroughly investigate the trade-offs and pathways for the development of bioenergy sector in Asia, in particular, China, India and the Philippines. Trade-offs define the relative importance of economic, social and ecological factors affecting bioenergy production and pathways describe the direction or course to achieving bioenergy sustainability. The project’s interdisciplinary team applied complementary analytical tools from various scientific fields and use different kinds of data to understand these trade-offs and pathways from the policy, community, and scientific perspectives. The policy analysis was based on a review of relevant literature, community perspective was analysed from a survey of respondents from different groups of society, and scientific inquiries were based on statistical data, geographic information, and expert opinions. The results reveal that the main objectives of bioenergy policies are energy security and rural development; communities perceived bioenergy as good for the economy despites its negative impacts on food security; and few scientific evidence conforms to community preferences and expert opinions on the relevance of economic, social and ecological criteria for bioenergy sustainability.|
|Project Leader||Prof. Damasa B.M. Macandog, University of Philippines, Philippines|
|Project Collaborators||Dr. Xuefeng Cui, College of Global Change and Earth System Science, Beijing Normal University, China firstname.lastname@example.org |
Prof. Dr. K. S. Kavi Kumar, Madras School of Economics, India email@example.com
Prof. Dr. Lilibeth Acosta-Michlik, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Germany
|Countries Involved||Philippines, Germany, China, India|
|Project Duration||2 Years|
|APN Funds (US$)||90000|
|Year of Completion||2017|
|Project Output|| |
Eugenio, E., Acosta, L., Enano Jr., N. H., Macandog, D. B., Macandog, P., Talubo, J. P. P., … Eugenio, J. (2016). What Influences Awareness of Farmers on Sustainability of Bioenergy Feedstock in the Philippines? APN Science Bulletin, (6).
Acosta, L., Macandog, D. B., Kumar, K., Cui, X., Eugenio, E., Macandog, P., … Eugenio, J. (2015). The Role of Bioenergy in Energy-Food-Ecosystem Nexus in Asia (APN Global Change Perspectives Policy Brief No. LCD-03). Kobe: Asia Pacific Network for Global Change Research (APN). Retrieved from http://www.apn-gcr.org/resources/items/show/2020
Kumar, K., Soundar Rajan, R. S., & Manivasagan, R. (2015). Biofuel Feedstock Cultivation in India: Implications for Food Security and Rural Livelihoods (MSE Working Paper No. 105/2015). Chennai, India: Madras School of Economics. Retrieved from https://ideas.repec.org/p/mad/wpaper/2015-105.html
Acosta, L. A., Eugenio, E. A., Enano, N. H., Magcale-Macandog, D. B., Vega, B. A., Macandog, P. B. M., … Lucht, W. (2014). Sustainability trade-offs in bioenergy development in the Philippines: An application of conjoint analysis. Biomass and Bioenergy, 64, 20–41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.03.015Acosta, L. A., Macandog, D. B., Eugenio, E. A., Macandog, P. B. M., Cui, X., & Kumar, K. (2014). Knowledge and Opinion on the Sustainability of Bioenergy Production in Asia: Cases in China and the Philippines. APN Science Bulletin, (4).
Acosta, L. A., Eugenio, E. A., Enano Jr., N. H., Macandog, D. B., Vega, B. A., Macandog, P. B. M., … Lucht, W. (2014). Sustainability trade‐offs in bioenergy development in the Philippines: An application of conjoint analysis (Sustainability TRade‐offs and Pathways (STRAP) Working Paper No. 002-2014).
Kumar, K., Soundar Rajan, R. S., & Manivasagan, R. (2014). Biofuel Feedstock Cultivation in India: Implications for Food Security and Rural Livelihoods (Sustainability TRade‐offs and Pathways (STRAP) Working Paper No. 003-2014).
Acosta, L. A., Cui, X., Macandog, D. B., Eugenio, E. A., Macandog, P. B. M., Eugenio, J. M. A., & Kumar, K. (2014). Comparative analysis of knowledge and opinions of local communities on sustainability of bioenergy in the Philippines and China (Sustainability TRade‐offs and Pathways (STRAP) Working Paper No. 004-2014).
Kumar, K. (2014). Jatropha Cultivation for Biodiesel: Food Security and Rural Livelihoods. Presented at the Fourth MSE Faculty Seminar Series, 27-28 February 2014, Central University of Tamil Nadu, Thiruvarur.