Drought Monitoring System Development by Integrating In-situ Data, Satellite Data and Numerical Model Output
|Project Summary||Drought has a direct influence on agriculture, energy production, transportation, tourism and recreation, forest and wild land fires, urban water supply, environment and human health. As a precaution against drought, we investigated the establishment and development of an integrated system with in situ and satellite data, and numerical model outputs. |
After addressing the definition of drought, we constructed a fundamental network of drought monitoring and research among project member countries. We shared and improved drought monitoring data and capabilities, and built a network data bank. Validation of Advanced Microwave Scattering Radiometer (AMSR-E) soil moisture data and its analysis were successfully done in certain target areas and member countries of the Asian Water Cycle Initiative (AWCI). We also proposed a numerical modeling concept for a drought early warning system. Based on these results, we held two useful training courses for drought and climate change studies in Tokyo during 2010 and 2011, in which numerous scientists and operators of AWCI member countries learned project results.
|Project Leader||Prof. Ichirow Kaihotsu, |
Hiroshima University, JAPAN
|Project Collaborators||Rasul Ghulam: Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD), Islamabad, Pakistan |
Ailikun: Institute of Atmospheric Physics(IAP), China
Davaa Gombo: Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, Mongolia
Toshio Koike: Department of Civil Engineering, University of Tokyo
Mafizur Rahman: Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Bangladesh
Shiv Sharma: Department of Water Induced Disaster Prevention, Nepal
Flaviana DeLeon Hilario: Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration, Philippine
Thada Sukhapunnaphan: Royal Irrigation Department, Thailand
Duong Van Khanh: Central Hydro-meteorological Forecasting Center of HMS of Vietnam, Vietnam
Hiroyuki Iwasaki: Faculty of Education, Gunma University
Osamu Ochiai: JAXA
Akihiko Kondoh: Chiba University
|Countries Involved||Japan, Bangladesh, China, Mongolia, Nepal, Philippines, Pakistan, Thailand and Viet Nam|
|Scientific Thematic Area||Climate Change and Climate Variability|
|Sub-Thematic Area||Drought Monitoring|
|Project Duration||2 years|
|APN Funds (US$)||80000|
|Year of Completion||2012|
|Project Output|| |
Kaihotsu, I. (Ed.) (2011). Data book of a Training Course on Analysis Techniques for APN/AWCI Drought Studies, Data book of Asia Drought Workshop 2011 (150 p.). Tokyo, Japan: JAXA.
Shiraishi, K., Kaihotsu, I., Fujii, H., and Koike, T. (2011). Validation of soil moisture measurement algorithm of AMSR-E using the in situ data of soil moisture in East Asia, Proceedings of Soil Moisture WS 2011 (pp. 1-3). Tokyo, Japan.
Kaihotsu, I., Imaok, K., Fujii, H., Mutoh, T., Shiraishi, K. and Koike, T. (2010). Preliminary evaluation of SOMS soil moisture products in Mongolia, Proceedings of Soil Moisture WS 2011 (pp. 4-6). Tokyo, Japan.
Kaihotsu, I., Moldrup, P., Nissen, H.H., and Shiraishi, K. (2010) Soil moisture observations in the soil surface thin layer by CP, Proceedings of Soil Moisture WS 2010 (pp. 18-20). Tokyo, Japan.
Shiraishi, K., Kaihotsu, I., Fujii, H., and Koike, T. (2010). Validation of soil moisture measurement algorithm of AMSR-E using the in situ data of soil moisture, Proceedings of Soil Moisture WS 2010 (pp. 72-75). Tokyo, Japan.
Jaranilla-Sanchez, P. A., Wang, L., & Koike, T. (2011). Modeling the hydrologic responses of the Pampanga River basin, Philippines: A quantitative approach for identifying droughts. Water Resources Research, 47(3), W03514. doi:10.1029/2010WR009702
Iwasaki, H., & Fujii, H. (2011). A Study on the Influence of Soil Moisture on Deep Convection around Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, as an Arid Environment Using AMSR-E Soil Moisture. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 89A, 97–109. doi:10.2151/jmsj.2011-A06