The APN relies heavily on the generosity and commitment of all its member countries for financial and in-kind support. The following sponsors provide direct funding for the APN that is complimented by in-kind support from APN members, such as hosting workshops and seminars and the sharing of scientific and management expertise.
Hyogo Prefecture is one among the 47 prefectures in Japan and one of the most accessible regions in the world. Since the opening of the Port of Kobe in 1868, Hyogo has served as a gateway to Japan for the outside world, serving as a Center of international trade. Research facilities that have been established in Hyogo include the world’s largest synchrotron radiation facility (SPring-8), the International EMECS Center for environmental management of enclosed coastal seas, and the WHO Kobe Centre, which conducts human health studies. Based on the lessons learned from the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake, research activities for disaster management and prevention are under way at the Disaster Reduction and Human Renovation Institution as well as the Asian Disaster Reduction Center. In addition to the accumulation of international research institutions and collaboration with local governments abroad, the Prefecture encourages the participation and cooperation of non-governmental organisations and companies that engage in activities for international exchange and cooperation. Through such measures, it hopes to contribute to the peace and stability of the world in the 21st century by advancing efforts to solve common issues for all humanity.
The Ministry of the Environment, Japan plays the central role in the government’s environmental conservation policy. Generally, the Ministry’s work can be classified into three basic types: 1) work for which the Ministry is fully responsible; 2) work for which the Ministry shares responsibility with another ministry; and 3) work where the Ministry provides advice from the perspective of environmental conservation. To perform this work efficiently, the Ministry cooperates with the environmental protection offices in different regions of the country, as well as with such organisations as the National Institute for Minamata Disease, a research organisation; the National Institute for Environmental Studies and the Environmental Restoration and Conservation Agency, both of which are independent administrative institutions; and the Japan Environmental Safety Corporation, a special company wholly owned by the government. There are a total of seven regional environment offices throughout the country. These offices, as the local branches of the Ministry, take care of the following affairs: wastes/recycling measures; environmental conservation measures; conservation and development of the natural environment; and protection and management of wildlife.
The Ministry for the Environment, New Zealand, which was established under the Environment Act 1986, works to achieve high environmental standards for the country while sustaining and enhancing social and economic development. It is the government’s principal adviser on the environment in New Zealand and on international matters that affect the environment. The Ministry focus on: environmental management systems, including laws, regulations and national environmental standards; national direction through national policy statements and strategies; guidance and training on best practice; and information about the health of the environment. To achieve its aims, the Ministry works with central government, local government, business, community and in partnership with other government agencies, such as the Department of Conservation, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ministry of Economic Development and Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, which have specific responsibilities not covered by the Ministry.
The mission of the Ministry of Environment, Republic of Korea, is to protect the national territory from threats of environmental pollution and improve the quality of life for the public so that the people can enjoy ambient natural environment, clean water and clear skies. Furthermore, the Ministry aims to contribute to the global efforts to protect the Earth. In February 2008, Korea Meteorological Administration became an affiliate of the Ministry to facilitate countermeasures against climate change. The tasks of the Ministry of Environment include enactment and amendment of environmental laws and regulations; introduction of environmental institutions; building up framework structure for environmental administration; drafting and implementation of mid-long term comprehensive measures for environmental conservation; setting up standards for regulations; providing administrative and financial support for environmental management to local governments; inter-Korean environmental cooperation; and environmental cooperation with other countries.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency created by Congress in 1950 "to promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; to secure the national defense…" With an annual budget of about $6.06 billion, NSF is the funding source for approximately 20 percent of all federally supported basic research conducted by America's colleges and universities. In many fields such as mathematics, computer science and the social sciences, NSF is the major source of federal backing. The Foundation fulfils its mission chiefly by issuing limited-term grants, currently about 10,000 new awards per year, with an average duration of three years, to fund specific research proposals that have been judged the most promising by a rigorous and objective merit-review system. Most of these awards go to individuals or small groups of investigators. Others provide funding for research centers, instruments and facilities that allow scientists, engineers and students to work at the outermost frontiers of knowledge.
The U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) coordinates and integrates federal research on changes in the global environment and their implications for society. The USGCRP began as a presidential initiative in 1989 and was mandated by Congress in the Global Change Research Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-606), which called for "a comprehensive and integrated United States research program which will assist the Nation and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of global change." Thirteen (13) departments and agencies participate in the USGCRP, which was known as the U.S. Climate Change Science Program from 2002 through 2008. The program is steered by the Subcommittee on Global Change Research under the Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, overseen by the Executive Office of the President, and facilitated by an Integration and Coordination Office.