APN International Symposium on Urbanization in Asia and the Global Environment, 11 July 2000, Awaji Island, Hyogo Pref., Japan


The second International APN Symposium, supported by Hyogo Prefectural Government, was held at the Awaji Yumebutai International Conference Centre, on 11 July 2000. Approximately 300 people attended including local citizens, business representatives and scientists, as well as international participants from the global change research community. Extensive media coverage was also given.


Following a short welcome from Dr. Ryutaro Yatsu, Director of the APN Secretariat, Mr. Toshitami Kaihara, Governor of Hyogo Prefecture made a welcoming address on behalf of the local hosts. Mr. Kazuhiko Takemoto then made a welcome speech on behalf of the Environment Agency of Japan.

Morning addresses

Professor Richard Rockwell presented an overview of the general relationship between urbanization and the global environment, citing cities as ecological devices. Dr. R.K. Pachauri addressed energy issues in the form of urbanization, environment and development in Asia and future options. Professor Katsutoshi Ohta outlined his view of urban transport strategies toward a sustainable city. Dr. James E. Nickum gave an overview of urbanization and water resources in Asia.

Afternoon Session

Dr. Ryutaro Yatsu opened the afternoon session and reviewed the issues covered in the morning session.

Professor Hidefumi Imura fuelled the panel discussion with a talk on environmental challenges of cities in Asia.

Professor Roland Fuchs, acting as chair of the panel, initiated the panel session with a brief introduction to urbanisation and the rise of megacities and the potential destabilisation of the earth system. This gave way to a lively panel session. Panellists Fuchs, Imura, Nickum, Ohta and Rockwell responded to questions from the audience.

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