Traditional Livelihoods and Mining in Mongolia’s Changing Climate: Exploring the Potential of Cross-sectoral Partnerships in Achieving Sustainability

Title Traditional Livelihoods and Mining in Mongolia’s Changing Climate: Exploring the Potential of Cross-sectoral Partnerships in Achieving Sustainability
Authors Vigya SHARMA, Byambajav DALAIBUYAN, Gerelt-Od ERDENEBILEG, Myagmartsooj NATSAG, Saruulzaya ADIYA
Issue Issue 6, published April 2016
Highlights
  • This project was a first of its kind to discuss the complex links between livelihoods, the mining sector and climate change and natural disasters in Mongolia.
  • A key focus of the project was brainstorming the idea of establishing a network hub of key actors that would value the strengths of individual sector groups and allow partnerships by identifying issues of common concern.
  • A clear highlight of the project is the greater appreciation of traditional herding knowledge and its indispensable role in natural disaster management and relief.
  • Mining industry in Mongolia is open to discussion centred around climate change and discussing its future implications on the sector. This is particularly noteworthy in light of a more reserved take on global warming internationally across the sector.
Abstract The growing scale of resource development activities accentuates the complexity underlying the sustainability of traditional livelihoods in Mongolia. At the same time, Mongolia experiences growing vulnerability to climatic variability and change, expressed in the form of intense desertification, water stress, and extreme dzuds. This paper is based on APN-funded capacity building workshops that focused on understanding a) how climatic changes impact herding and mining—although in varied forms, and b) how each sector may leverage its resources to devise action, strategies and tools that may help build capacities and boost resilience towards changing climatic conditions. Workshop discussions highlighted that traditional livelihoods remain under multiple threats from climatic variability and change; and institutionalised mechanisms of creating cross-sectoral partnerships – such as a network hub of key stakeholder groups – is fundamental in ensuring climate-resilient coexistence between mining and herding sectors.
Full text CAF2014-CD04NSY-Sharma