Coastal Ecosystem and Changing Economic Activities and Vulnerabilities along Chinese and South Asian Coasts

Title Coastal Ecosystem and Changing Economic Activities and Vulnerabilities along Chinese and South Asian Coasts
Authors Joyashree ROY,Satabdi DATTA, Preeti KAPURIA, Indrila GUHA, Rajarshi BANERJI, Sandhya RAO, Md. Giashuddin MIAH, Md. Rafiqul ISLAM, Shang CHEN, Jingmei LI, Tao XIA, Janaka RATNASIRI, P.B. Terney PRADEEP KUMARA, Chinthaka Samarawickrama LOKUHETTI, Shamen Prabhath VIDANAGE
Issue Issue 6, published April 2016
Highlights
  • Traditional economic activities of coastal communities are moving away from fisheries and agriculture.
  • The change is due to declining fish stock, cyclones, storm surges, soil water intrusion and water stress.
  • Low income from traditional livelihood, competition for land, and pollution load has also contributed to the change.
  • Related policies are creating short-term alternative livelihood options.
  • Threats to current coastal economic activities will be exacerbated in the region due to climate change.
Abstract This field-based study documents the changing pattern of economic activities along selected coastal stretches in South Asia in Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka and China. Economic activities vary with coastal ecosystem types and service flows. In the first phase, field study sites were identified based on multiple meetings and discussions with policy makers in each of the countries and they continued to be part of scientific discussions within an ecology-economy framework through the project lifetime. In the second phase, for Bangladesh, India and Sri Lanka, further in-depth enquiry and analyses were carried out to understand the perception of various economic stakeholder groups of natural and anthropogenic threats in the coastal regions and the resultant vulnerability and risks. Possible future climate scenarios for the study sites were developed to assess the nature of future climate risks to various ecosystem-based economic activity groups.
Full text ARCP2013-07CMY-ROY