[Closed] Call for Focused Activities: Climate Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction and Loss + Damage

Please note that this call for EOI is closed. All proponents will be contacted in due course.


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Call for Focused Activities:

Climate Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction and Loss + Damage

– Linkages, Priorities, Limitations –



As an inter-governmental network that promotes research and capacity development of Gobal Environmental Change (GEC) in the region, especially for developing countries, APN places strong emphasis on networking, including developing and strengthening Science–Policy–Practice interfaces,  strengthening existing networks involving the scientific community, academia, governments and civil society; learning and exchange of knowledge at the regional level; joint responses to events affecting the entire region and pooling of resources and technical capabilities.

Under its new Climate Adaptation Framework, established in 2012 and fully endorsed at the APN’s 18th Inter-Governmental Meeting in April 2013, has a number of new and exciting opportunities for scientists, decision makers and practitioners that will aim to address the gaps, status quo and future directions for bringing togetherClimate Change Adaptation (CCA)”, “Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)and Loss and Damage (L+D).

A workshop on linking Climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction and loss and damage (CCA-DRR-L+D) was conducted in Kobe from 21-23 August 2013 and focused on the linkages, priorities and limitations and the challenges and opportunities presented. Clear was the manifestation of extreme and slow onset events in the face disasters, and disaster risk management (DRM) and the climate adaptation practices being planned and/or incorporated or at local, national, sub-regional and regional levels in Asia and the Pacific.  Some of the challenges presented at the recent workshop were so-called disaster amnesia; cultural practices and traditional knowledge; lack of financial capacity; lack of availability of information/data; lack of consultation in project designing (leading to maladaptation); and insufficient education to deal with adverse impacts of weather events, among others.

APN believes that it is important to learn from past risks by focusing on climate impacts, both weather and slow-onset events, and adopting strategies to cope with them. To do this, building on the knowledge, institutional structure and communities of practice developed by Disaster Risk Management strategies may be a good point of entry, rather than starting at a point zero. There is also a need to learn from smaller events (smaller-scale disasters such as annual flooding events, etc.) and not just larger extreme events (like large cyclones/ typhoon disasters). Addressing these might also help with making extreme events less extreme, which is especially important as they happen more frequently.


Loss and damage from climate change has emerged as a new area that looks at limits to adaptation and explores adverse climate impacts under a warming world and has been the focus of much attention in the Asia-Pacific region, particularly in the past year.  For example, the recently formed Loss and Damage Forum, established at the Asia-Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Forum, in Incheon, Republic of Korea, March 2013, highlighted that “the Asia-Pacific region is the most vulnerable region to a range of natural disasters and climate change impacts, from those emanating from extreme events to those resulting from slow onset processes.

Following an agenda that was developed among its participants, the main objectives of the workshop held in Kobe, Japan from 21-23 August 2013 were to:

  • Identify and explore thematic areas of high priority for sub-regional levels of Southeast Asia, South Asia, Temperate East Asia and Oceania.
  • Explore both economic and non-economic losses of Loss and Damage, particularly areas where gaps have been identified.
  • Provide common understanding of the terminology of Disaster Risk Reduction and Loss and Damage due to climate change impacts.
  • Empower APN developing member countries to address Loss and Damage and conduct research and capacity development activities associated with Loss and Damage, allowing the APN members to be involved in conducting activities and reviewing related proposals under the APN’s focused activities.

In the Asia-Pacific region, Asia is a disaster hot spot for extreme events, and the Pacific, while highly vulnerable to extreme events is impacted by slow onset processes that include sea-level rise, biodiversity loss, salinity intrusion and ocean acidification, among others.  Taking this into consideration, the workshop explored the most important areas for the region, review work undertaken, particularly case studies, and discuss needs and opportunities for conducting research and capacity development activities that will support APN’s developing countries  to address the linkages, priorities and limitations of CCA, DRR & L+D.

Some of the priorities highlighted for the region include (although are not limited to) the following:

  • coastal zones and low lying areas;
  • floodplains; glaciers and glacier melting,  highlands and water catchments, watersheds; peatlands;
  • remote communities (access to information; early warning systems, local knowledge, impact assessments, sea level rise);
  • salinisation of soil and groundwater,
  • urban areas (including megacities) – population density, rural-urban migration, flooding, drought, heat waves, epidemics;
  • loss of land; loss of agricultural output;
  • data issues: problems with lack of data, inaccessibility to existing data, and inconsistency in data formats.


US$680,000 is available immediately and it is anticipated that the funding will be used to fund both regional research activities and capacity development activities. The ratio of split might look something like the below, although the final decision-making will depend on the kinds of activities that APN receives via the Expressions of Interest (see 3 and 4 below). Funding availability beyond the present call for focused activities is not known at this time.

Activities of interest, among others, may include:

  • Assessment of the impacts of climate change and adaptation limits – what is Loss and Damage? What are linkages with disaster management and disaster reduction?
  • Gap analysis on regional needs and status quo in the Asia-Pacific region.
  • Approaches to address loss and damage associated with adverse impacts of climate change
  • What kind of underpinning scientific and policy-relevant planning and methodology is needed in response to Loss & Damage?
3-1. Funding Available:  Total: US$680,000
Regional-based research (from 1 to 3 years)  US$450,000
Capacity development (awareness-raising,
dissemination & training; 1 to 2 years)

Areas of Interest


Areas might focus on agriculture, ecosystems, disaster prevention; gap analyses on regional needs and the present status quo; limits to adaptation; the development of policy and planning strategies to address loss and damage.  Themes of particular interest are outlined in 4-1 and 4-2 below and are of high priority to the APN in this focused call for activities.

4-1 Regional-based multi-disciplinary research

a)       Integrated Modeling that reduces vulnerability and improves resilience to Loss & Damage by looking at a combination of:

  • Climate vulnerability, impacts and adaptation
  • Economics
  • Social and human dimension

b)       Regional Downscaling

  • Downscaling knowledge for adaptation, risk and loss & damage that could be transferred to the local level (including remote communities, districts, cities, etc.)
  • Scientific community needs to downscale as much as possible to help impact assessment at the local level
  • Gap analysis  (including best practices) in knowledge and understanding of loss and damage at the local level

c)        Multi-trans disciplinary research and assessment of:

  • Impacts of extreme weather events and slow onset events at regional, sub-regional and local levels (what are the gaps; what is the status quo?)
  • Reducing loss by revisiting current aspects of Disaster Risk Management strategies across local, national and regional (including transboundary) scales.
  • Non-economic/non-insurable losses due to climate – extreme and slow onset events (cultural, health, psychological, social, etc.)
  • Integrating the risks identified through Climate Change Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction and Loss & Damage into regional planning: What is the present scientific understanding on adaptation, disaster risk reduction, and loss & damage? Is more needed? Are there sufficient science-policy linkages?
  • Methodology, terminology and other concepts that might effectively link climate change adaptation, loss and damage,  and disaster risk reduction (for example,  developing methodologies for quantifying non-economic losses)

4-2 Capacity Building (including dissemination, awareness-raising)

a)       Enhancing capacity for assessment to plan and implement Loss and Damage activities related to Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation, both by government authorities and civil society that would also document successful practices of local, experiential and indigenous knowledge

b)       Training, awareness-raising; strengthening partnerships that  will link  CCA, DRR and L+D for:

  • local communities and local governments to enable bottom-up planning and mechanisms
  • Increasing the knowledge-base of CCA-DRR-L+D and how it might impact future generations
  • Strengthening linkages, effective coordination and building synergies across neighbouring countries to enhance cross-learning, especially at the sub-national/district level

c)        Addressing gaps in multi/trans-disciplinary approaches:

  • Developing toolkits, mapping different institutions that are engaged in, for example, disaster risk management that can help address loss and damage
  • Establishing entry points for science-policy interfaces at regional, national and local levels

d)        Retaining knowledge, maintaining data, sustaining disaster loss databases 

  • What is going on, where are the gaps, training initiatives on resilience
  • Decision-support tools and training opportunities. Local language would be used at the local level and translations would be available
  • Addressing the problems of existing data: insufficiency, inaccessibility and/or inconsistency

Mechanism and Criteria


5-1 Basic eligibility

All Expressions of Interest must satisfy the basic criteria for eligibility outline below:

a)       The proposed activity must focus on an area of interest and fully comply with the criteria for country participation (see separate Frequently Asked Questions: MS Word format; PDF format)

  • Specifically, proposals for scientific regional research MUST include at least 3 member/approved APN countries, 2 of which MUST be developing.
  • Specifically, proposals for scientific capacity development and other related activities MUST involve at least one developing member/approved country.

b)       The proposed activity must have high potential to provide positive outcomes for developing countries that could also be used by the international community.

c)       The proposed activity must address all three areas of Climate Change Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction and Loss + Damage and explain the linkages, priorities and limitations in doing so.

d)       The proponent’s institution must be based in a member or approved country of the APN (see separate Frequently Asked Questions: MS Word format; PDF format)

e)       The proponent must carbon copy his/her APN country nFP and SPG member (where one exists), when submitting the EOI. Contact details of APN nFP and SPG members are available at http://www.apn-gcr.org/apn-structure/igm-members/ and http://www.apn-gcr.org/about-apn/apn-structure/spg-scientific-planning-group respectively.

f)        The proposed activity must outline policy-relevant questions to be addressed and answered in relation to e) above, organisational arrangements of the proposed activity and a publication and dissemination plan. In this respect, strong linkages with government units and/or agencies or existing forums and/or other mechanisms engaged in topic(s) of the focused call.

g)       The proponent and/or collaborators must possess the skills necessary to conduct proposed activities outlined above (for example, no consultants can be engaged unless the payment for consultant engagement is borne a funding source other than the APN’s).

h)       The proposed activity must focus on one (or more) of the areas indicated above (see 4-1, 4-2) in developing nation(s) with outcomes that contribute to CCA-DRR-L+D  in these developing nations.

i)         The Expression of Interest (EOI) must follow the template (MS Word format) and be submitted to the APN Secretariat at LanD2013@apn-gcr.org  with a carbon copy to Dr. Linda Anne Stevenson (lastevenson@apn-gcr.org) by Sunday 22nd September (24:00, Midnight, Japanese Standard Time).

5-2 Templates for Expressions of Interest (EOIs)

There is a template available and must be strictly followed. The APN Secretariat cannot accept any EOIs that do not follow the template. The template must be completed and submitted in Word Format and must be accomplished in the 8 sections and not exceed two pages in length (A4 double-sided).

5-3 Financial Regulations

APN has strict policies on the use of its funds, full details of which are available in the 2013 Financial Regulations. These must be followed closed when developing a budget for your Expression of Interest.

5-4 Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions for the Focused calls for proposals are attached.

5-5 Deadline for Applications and Approved Project Announcement.

The deadline for receiving Expressions of Interest is Sunday 22nd September 2013, midnight (24:00) Japanese Standard Time. EOIs received after the deadline will not be processed. Following a review, successful proponents will be invited to submit a full proposal. It is expected that projects will be announced between November 2013 and January 2014.  The exact time of the announcement of new activities will depend on the number of Expressions of Interest received.

5-6 Contact  

The person responsible for the present call is Dr. Linda Anne Stevenson: Division Head of Communication and Scientific Affairs at the APN Secretariat. Email: lastevenson@apn-gcr.org. Expressions of interest will only be accepted at the following address: LanD2013@apn-gcr.org